What is Ballistic Missile? And its Speed is KM Per Hour?

About the Ballistic Missile?

A ballistic missile is a guided missile that follows a ballistic trajectory when it is in flight. This type of trajectory is characterized by a suborbital spaceflight followed by re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere. Ballistic missiles are typically designed for delivering a payload, such as a warhead, to a predetermined target.

Features of Ballistic Missiles?

  1. Terminal Phase: The warhead hits its target and explodes in the last stage.
  2. Boost Phase: The missile is initially propelled into the atmosphere by rocket engines during the boost phase.
  3. Re-entry Phase: When the warhead re-enters the atmosphere of Earth, it moves toward its target if it has a re-entry vehicle
  4. Midcourse Phase: Following the boost phase, the missile travels in the vacuum of space on a suborbital trajectory. The warhead or payload separates from the missile bus during this midcourse phase and moves closer to the target.
ballistic missile

Ballistic Missiles Can be Categorized Based on their Range?

  • Short-Range Ballistic Missiles (SRBM): generally possess a 1,000 km range
  • Medium-Range Ballistic Missiles (MRBM): Have a range between 1,000 and 3,000 kilometers.
  • Intermediate-Range Ballistic Missiles (IRBM): Have a range between 3,000 and 5,500 kilometers.
  • Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBM): possess a range of more than 5,500 kilometers and the ability to reach destinations across multiple continents.

Ballistic missiles can be armed with conventional or nuclear warheads, and they have been a significant component of military arsenals around the world. The development and deployment of ballistic missiles have been a focus of arms control agreements and international security discussions.

ballistic missile

Conclusion

A ballistic missile is a guided projectile that is intended to travel in a ballistic manner. Its stages include an engine-powered boost phase, a midcourse maneuver in space, a reentry into Earth’s atmosphere, and a terminal phase where a warhead or payload is delivered to a prearranged target. Because ballistic missiles have the potential to do enormous harm, their use in combat raises concerns. With different types classified by range, such as Short-Range Ballistic Missiles (SRBM), which typically have a range of up to 1,000 kilometers, these missiles are important components of military strategies. As a result, talks about their development and use are frequently included in discussions about arms control agreements and international security.

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